The first time that I tried to get an SD card working with CubeMX I found a most interesting affair - not particularly complicated, but definitely a little fiddly. (2020 edit: I gather now that they include the libraries with CubeMX, but at the time I did this work they did not.)
Note: This project was created before this blog existed, and as such is awaiting a more detailed write up.
At any rate, the goal was to get a STM32CubeMX-generated system integrated with FatFs middleware managing an SPI-connected MMC/SD memory card.
The project was initially created in CubeMX, and then code written by ChaN was ported to the CubeMX HAL.
If you’re interested, the project github has the relevant details (2020 edit: this may be out of date) and interesting files, including a SPI driver at
Inc/user_diskio_spi.h which should be usable in any CubeMX project (although the SPI handle
hspi1 may need to be changed depending on your requirements).
The CubeMX project file is
nucleo-sdcard.ioc in the root directory. You can load this with CubeMX and change any of the settings and regenerate without affecting any of the code in this code base.